Washington State University

Revised 7-16
Environmental Health and Safety

Recycling or Disposal of Chemical Wastes

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University personnel must manage chemical waste in accordance with local, state, and federal regulatory requirements. Compliance is necessary to protect the health and safety of University employees, students, and visitors and to meet local, state, and federal regulatory requirements.
Legal Requirements
WSU must comply with federal, state, and local hazardous waste laws and regulations.
Violations of federal, state, or local law may result in fines and/or imprisonment for University personnel, supervisors, and administrative officers.
Related Procedures
Section 5.68 provides procedures for identification and storage of chemical wastes.

Chemical Wastes
Policies and procedures in 5.66 and 5.68 apply only to the management of chemical wastes which are regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Washington State Department of Ecology, and the United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA).
Radioactive Wastes
These procedures do not apply to radioactive wastes. The Radiation Safety Office manages radioactive substances. Telephone 509-335-8916 for assistance or refer to 9.70.
Biohazardous Wastes
These procedures do not apply to biohazardous wastes. Refer to 4.24 regarding options for biohazardous waste treatment and disposal. Contact the WSU Biosafety Officer; telephone 509-335-1585; or Facilities Services—Operations; telephone 509-335-4530 for questions regarding biohazards.
EH&S Responsibilities
Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) assists departments by collecting, designating, recycling, and disposing of hazardous chemical wastes.

EH&S provides departments with information about waste minimization and with directions for preparing hazardous chemical wastes for recycling or disposal.

Contact applicable EH&S support personnel for assistance in managing chemical wastes:
Generator Responsibilities

Waste Generator
A waste generator is a person who creates chemical wastes.
Waste Identification
The waste generator is responsible for determining whether chemical wastes meet federal, state, and/or local government definitions of dangerous wastes.

Identify which wastes must be managed as dangerous waste (see above). Wastes defined as dangerous wastes must be packaged, accumulated, transported, and disposed of in a safe and legal manner.

Examples of dangerous wastes include laboratory chemicals, photographic processing chemicals, leftover paint, automobile fluids, and other maintenance materials.
Identification Alternative
As an alternative, report all wastes by submitting a Chemical Collection Request to Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S). See Reporting Wastes below. EH&S determines the proper management method.
WSU Spokane, WSU Tri-Cities, and WSU Vancouver Departments
For identification and management guidance, WSU Spokane, WSU Tri-Cities, and WSU Vancouver departments use the applicable campus chemical collection or chemical reporting form to report wastes to the campus EH&S office. See Reporting Wastes below.
Aerosol Containers, Batteries, and Light Bulbs
Pressurized aerosol containers (even when empty), all batteries, and all light bulbs are considered to be regulated hazardous waste and must not be disposed of in trash cans, dumpsters, or any other uncontrolled waste receptacle.

EH&S provides labeled containers for pressurized containers, batteries, and light bulbs in waste accumulation areas at various campus locations. Contact the applicable EH&S support personnel for the locations of the waste accumulation areas or to arrange waste pickup.
Electronic Waste
Electronic waste, including monitors, televisions, CPUs, printers, and keyboards, is regulated waste and must not be disposed of in trash cans, dumpsters, or any other uncontrolled waste receptacle.

Departments are to dispose of electronic waste by submitting an online Surplus Disposal Request (SDR) to Facilities Services—Surplus Stores. (See BPPM 20.76.) Surplus Stores collects unwanted electronics upon receipt of the SDR.
Controlled Substances
Chemicals identified by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as controlled substances must be handled in accordance with the requirements of BPPM 45.75.
Each department is responsible for properly labeling, preparing, and safely accumulating all chemical wastes generated. Refer to 5.68 for chemical waste storage procedures.
Minimizing Waste
Each generator is responsible for minimizing chemical waste generation through prudent purchasing practices, product substitution, recycling, or reducing the amount of chemicals used by the department.
Providing Hazard Data
To facilitate safe and legal management of hazardous materials, each department is responsible for providing hazard information (i.e., a Safety Data Sheet) to EH&S upon request. See also 5.10.
The waste generator is responsible for properly collecting chemical wastes in the following manner:
The waste generator is responsible for properly labeling chemical waste containers.

Place a dangerous waste label on each container when waste is first added. See example in the PDF version of 5.66.4.

Obtain a dangerous waste label using one of the following methods:
Required Information
Each self-created label must contain all of the following information:
University personnel who generate surplus hazardous chemicals or chemical waste are responsible for reporting those chemicals to EH&S for subsequent recycling or disposal.
Chemical Collection Request
Use a Chemical Collection Request (CCR) form to report chemicals for disposal or recycling. The CCR form may be obtained using one of the following methods: After completing the CCR, enter the CCR number onto the Dangerous Waste label attached to the waste container. (See the PDF version of 5.6.4-5).
After receiving the completed Chemical Collection Request form, EH&S personnel determine the appropriate management method and assign all applicable waste designation codes.

EH&S collects the chemicals and coordinates and contracts for transportation, recycling, or disposal of waste chemicals.

NOTE: EH&S's response to departmental requests for disposal of certain chemicals may be delayed until a disposal facility is found to accept the wastes.
EH&S reviews all wastes for recycling alternatives.

EH&S maintains a stock of unused chemicals at the Pullman campus only, which are available for recycling to University personnel. The list of chemicals appears on the EH&S website:
To request free delivery of a chemical on the recycling database, WSU Pullman departments e-mail EH&S from the website or call 509-335-3041.

To recycle surplus chemicals from a lab or work area, submit the chemicals to EH&S using the waste reporting procedure described above. EH&S determines whether the chemicals are acceptable for recycling.

Drains, Trash, Evaporation
Disposal of dangerous chemical wastes in drains, by evaporation, or by placement in the regular trash system is a serious violation of local, state, and federal law, punishable by fines and imprisonment.

When a generator of dangerous wastes illegally or inappropriately dumps such waste in the trash contaminating common refuse (trash, paper, etc.), the entire mixture may become a "dangerous waste." This practice may result in costly disposal.

The University may require generators who create such disposal problems to pay for disposal.

A hazardous chemical waste cannot be rendered nonhazardous by dilution with water or solvent.
Under unusual circumstances, and with prior EH&S approval, disposal by one of the above methods may be legal and appropriate. Contact EH&S for more information; telephone 509-335-3041.

Laboratory Spills
If a chemical spill occurs in a laboratory, refer to:
Nonlaboratory Spills
Refer to 5.62 for chemical spill management procedures.
Call 911 if involved personnel are uncertain about the nature of the spill or require assistance with spill management procedures.