Washington State University
SAFETY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES MANUAL

RADIATION SAFETY
9.80
Revised 9-14
Radiation Safety Office
335-8916

Radiological Incident and Emergency Response

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OVERVIEW

The University seeks to safeguard the welfare of students, faculty, staff, and visitors and to protect the University's essential functions before, during, and after any type of emergency situation (EP25; BPPM 50.39), including an emergency that may involve radiological hazards.

The University's executive management is committed to comprehensive emergency management and public safety planning to encompass all campuses, research stations, and other facilities throughout the state. Emergency plans are to be structured to be implemented with emergency management programs of federal, state, and local jurisdictions when needed.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Life Safety is Always Priority Number One

In all cases of physical injury, even minor injuries, medical attention takes precedence over contamination concerns. In the event of a medical emergency that involves an individual who may be contaminated with radioactive material, radiation workers must make all reasonable efforts to control the spread of contamination and to warn first responders of the radiological hazards and risks.

Assistance to Emergency Responders

The Radiation Safety Office (RSO), authorized users, and radiation workers have an obligation to respond to and provide assistance and consultation to first responders in situations that may put an emergency victim or first responder at risk of injury from a source of radiation.

First responders include local area fire and police department personnel and University public safety officers.

Facilities Services, Operations

Facilities Services, Operations maintains a 24/7 dispatch unit that is able to notify RSO technical personnel when assistance is needed outside of normal business hours.

Radiation Safety Office (RSO)

RSO staff respond and provide consultation and expertise, if requested or as needed, following a spill of radioactive materials or during an emergency situation that has the potential to involve a radiological hazard.

Pullman Campus Locations

To ensure the containment of contamination and reduction and control of potential effects on members of the public, the RSO is to be notified and responds immediately to any Pullman campus locations where:

Decontamination and Documentation

The RSO must ensure that:

Liaison with Federal and State Agencies

If notification or assistance of a federal or state agency is required, the RSO makes such notifications. The RSO serves as a liaison between agencies responding to assist in a radiological emergency or contamination event at a University facility.

Licensing Agency Notification Required

The federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requires the licensee notify the applicable licensing agency within 24 hours after the discovery of any of the following events involving licensed material:

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

Office of Emergency Management

The Office of Emergency Management within Finance and Administration at WSU Pullman coordinates University efforts regarding emergency:

University Units

Each University unit that uses or stores radioactive material or uses radiation machines (including each campus, college, division, department, and office) and each authorized radiation user is to have an emergency response plan in place. The response plan is to be appropriate to:

At non-Pullman University locations, departments and authorized users must provide ongoing and up-to-date information concerning the radiation use area hazards, emergency response plans, and 24/7 authorized user contact information to safety and emergency management personnel affiliated with the locations.

Authorized Users

Spill and Emergency Response Plans

Each authorized user (e.g., laboratory manager) must have written spill and emergency response plans for his or her facilities, workers, and hazardous materials, including radiological stock materials and sealed sources.

Emergency Call List

Each authorized user ensures that a current radioactive materials incident or spill assistance call list is conspicuously posted in each facility where radioactive materials are actively used and/or stored.

Unit Personnel

Personnel are to be familiar with the authorization's spill and incident response plans and requirements.

Radiation Safety Committee

At the time of authorization review, the Radiation Safety Committee ensures that each authorized user has written safety guidelines and an emergency response plan appropriate for the specific hazards associated with the planned use of radiation and the use location.