Washington State University
SAFETY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES MANUAL

RADIATION SAFETY
9.90
Revised 9-14
Radiation Safety Office
335-8916

Regulatory Oversight and References

PDF link

HISTORY OF REGULATORY OVERSIGHT

In the 1960s Congress vested the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the predecessor of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), with oversight and regulation of the possession and use of most radioactive materials.

The NRC has transferred regulatory authority over radioactive materials to several of the states, including Washington, by agreement between the NRC and the states. The NRC retains regulatory authority over federal facilities and nuclear reactors in all states.

The University established its Radiation Protection Program in the 1960s, prior to the construction of the University's TRIGA Reactor. (TRIGA stands for Teaching, Research, Isotope production, General Atomics nuclear research reactor.) The Washington Department of Radiation Protection issues and oversees the University's broad scope license and all radiation machine registrations.

The TRIGA reactor operates under a license issued by the NRC.

PRESIDENCE OF REGULATIONS

State regulations may be more stringent but never less stringent than federal regulations.

Policies established by the University Radiation Safety Committee may be more stringent than state regulations, but never be less stringent than federal or state regulations and/or any associated directives or license conditions.

The broad scope radioactive materials license provides the University with the flexibility to establish its own policies and procedures through the establishment and maintenance of its Radiation Protection Program. However, the Washington Department of Health (WA DOH) Office of Radiation Protection retains the right to, at any time, audit and inspect the University's programs, operations, and locations where sources of ionizing radiation are stored or used.

APPLICABLE FEDERAL REGULATIONS

The applicable federal regulations are:

Title 10, Parts 19, 20 and 35 of the Code of Federal Regulations

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2008-title10-vol1/content-detail.html

10 CFR, Part 19

Notices, Instructions and Reports To Workers: Inspection And Investigations

This part establishes requirements for notices instructions, and reports by licensees to individuals participating in licensed activities.

Applicable section names and/or summaries are indicated below:

10 CFR, Part 20

Standards for Protection Against Radiation

Applicable section names and/or summaries are indicated below:

10 CFR, Part 35

Medical Use of Byproduct Material

This part is currently not applicable. Under the current state licensing or machine registrations, there is no approved use of ionizing radiation on or in humans.

APPLICABLE STATE REGULATIONS

The applicable state of Washington regulations are:

Title 246 of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC)

http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx?cite=246

Applicable chapter names in WAC Title 246 are:

STATE LICENSES

The following licenses are issued through the Washington Department of Health (WA DOH):

Broad Scope License (WN-C003-1)

The University's broad scope radioactive materials license is issued and renewed through the WA DOH Office of Radiation Protection, Radioactive Materials Licensing section. See:

http://www.doh.wa.gov/CommunityandEnvironment/Radiation/RadioactiveMaterials.aspx

The RSO provides a PDF copy of the current license upon written request by contacting the RSO. Send e-mail to:

radsafe@wsu.edu

Radioactive Air Emissions License (RAEL-004)

The Pullman campus Radioactive Air Emissions License (RAEL) is issued as a part of the campus Air Operating Permit. The RAEL is issued and overseen by the WA DOH Office of Radiation Protection, Radioactive Air Emissions section. See:

http://www.doh.wa.gov/CommunityandEnvironment/Radiation/RadioactiveAirEmissions.aspx

The RSO provides a PDF copy of the current license upon written request by contacting the RSO. Send e-mail to:

radsafe@wsu.edu